turning the other cheek

1.24: web.relig/jc/turning the other cheek:

. a signature value of JC was
turning the other cheek;
he said if you are sued for your coat,
you should offer them your shirt also;
what was the context of that ?

matthew 5:40 (with context):
For I say to you, If your righteousness
is not greater than the righteousness of the
scribes and Pharisees,
you will never go into the kingdom of heaven.
You have knowledge that it was said in old times,
You may not murder [or phrased to include suicide,
but the context suggests it refers only to
murders or suicides done in anger ];
and, Whoever does so
will be in danger of being judged:
But I tell you that anyone who
nurses anger against his brother
will be subject to judgment;
and he who says to his brother,
[`You good-for-nothing!']
will be in danger from [judged by] the Sanhedrin;
and whoever says, You foolish one,
will be in danger of the hell of fire.
[the fire of Gei-Hinnom]
You have knowledge that it was said,
An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:
But I tell you not to stand up against someone who does you wrong.
On the contrary, if someone hits you on the right cheek,
let him hit you on the left cheek too!
But I say to you,
Do not make use of force against an evil man;
but to him who punches your right cheek
expose your left cheek cheek .
[. I think this applies only to one's own culture;
Jesus once said he was not here to heal the non-jewish,
indicating that much of what he said
was more patriotic than saintly .
. the psychology of this might be
it's unproductive to punish punishment .
. it may also shame witnesses: sue your society .]
And if any man sues you in court
and takes away your coat,
do not keep back your robe from him.
[a robe is also described as a shirt,
but wasn't it more like a skirt?
. nakedness may shame witnesses: sue your society .]

luke 6:29 (with context):
Now it came about that on the Sabbath[Shabbat]
JC[Yeshua] was going through the fields of grain,
and his disciples[talmidim] fed themselves .
But some of the Pharisees[P'rushim] said,
Why do you [work] on the Sabbath?
And Yeshua said,
Have you not seen in the Writings
what David did when he was in need of food,
he, and those who were with him;
How he went into the house of God
and took for food the holy bread,
[the Bread of the Presence]
which only the priests[cohanim] may take,
and gave it to those who were with him?
And he concluded,
The Son of man is lord even of the Sabbath.
[. a son is the symbol of apprenticeship;
"(son of g-d) means doing works in g-d's name;
son of man apparently means a public servant
JC was a rabbi, an official teacher of men,
another form of public service .]
The Torah-teachers and P'rushim continued to spy,
waiting to catch JC healing on the sabbath;
so, then he appointed some of his disciples
to be apostles[emissaries: scouts].
[. a very great number of people came
many were looking to be cured,
and many were disciples,
wanting to hear what this rabbi had to say .]
And those who were troubled with unclean spirits
were made well.
And all the people were desiring to be touched by him,
for power came from him and made them all well.
[ many were trying to touch him .]

22 Happy are you [disciples],
when men have hate for you,
... because of the Son of man.
Be glad in that day, and be lifted up for joy,
for your reward in heaven will be great:
for their fathers did these same things
to the prophets [g-d's voice].
Unhappy are you[Woe to you disciples] when
all men give you their approval:
for that is exactly the treatment
given by their fathers to the false prophets.
But I say to you who give ear to me,
Have love for [your enemies]
those who are against you,
do good to those who have hate for you;
give blessing to those who give you curses,
say prayers for those who are cruel to you.
If a man gives you a blow on one side of your face,
then let the other side be turned to him;
from him who takes away your coat,
do not keep back your robe.