#vinegar anti-diabetic effects

2.14: web.health/diet/vinegar/anti-diabetic effects
. vinegar's acetic acid may improve carb tolerance
by inhibiting carb-crunching digestive enzymes;
it may enhance insulin sensitivity:
the acetic acid may enhance glycogen repletion
in liver and skeletal muscle
(it may move glucose from blood to
liver and skeletal muscle).
. apple cider vinegar could be healthy because
it provides polyphenols, fiber, and phytosterols
while turning the apple's carb's to acid.
apples contain chlorogenic acid.
. there is also a red wine vinegar
that might provide the benefits of red wine
without the alcohol.
33% vinegar whitens teeth

Diabetes Care 2004
Vinegar Improves Insulin Sensitivity to a High-Carbohydrate Meal
in Subjects With Insulin Resistance or Type 2 Diabetes
Acetic acid has been shown to suppress
disaccharidase activity [carb-digesting enzymes](3)
 and to raise glucose-6-phosphate concentrations
in skeletal muscle (4);
3: J Nutr 2000
Acetic acid suppresses the increase in disaccharidase activity
that occurs during culture of Caco-2 cells.
Acetic acid treatment (5 mmol/L and 15 d) significantly decreased
the activities of disaccharidases
(sucrase, maltase, trehalase and lactase)
and angiotensin-I-converting enzyme,
whereas the activities of other hydrolases
(alkaline phosphatase, aminopeptidase-N,
dipeptidylpeptidase-IV and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase)
were not affected.
4: Amer Society for Nutritional Sciences 2001
Acetic Acid Feeding Enhances Glycogen Repletion
in Liver and Skeletal Muscle of Rats
. investigate the efficacy of the ingestion of vinegar
in aiding recovery from fatigue,
we examined the effect of dietary acetic acid,
the main component of vinegar, on glycogen repletion in rats.
Rats were allowed access to a commercial diet twice daily for 6 d.
After 15 h of food deprivation, they were either killed immediately
or given 2 g of a diet containing 0 (control), 0.1, 0.2 or 0.4 g
acetic acid/100 g diet for 2 h.
The 0.2 g acetic acid group had significantly greater
liver and gastrocnemius muscle glycogen concentration
than the control group.
In liver, acetic acid may activate gluconeogenesis
and inactivate glycolysis through inactivation of
fructose-2,6-bisphosphate synthesis
due to suppression of xylulose-5-phosphate accumulation.
In skeletal muscle, acetic acid may inhibit glycolysis
[breakdown of glucose to extract energy]
by suppression of phosphofructokinase-1 activity.
We conclude that a diet containing acetic acid
may enhance glycogen repletion in liver and skeletal muscle.

starch-inhibiting ingredient in vinegar is acetic acid,
“Vinegar appears to inhibit the enzymes that
help you digest starch.” When starch is not completely digested,
you get a smaller blood sugar (glycemic) response
— “20-40% less in healthy people and in diabetics” —
after eating a high-glycemic food such as a bagel.
. the “mother” in it, the solids at the bottom
are the bacteria that fermented it,
not the fiber (eg pectin) of the apple.
co: VerseauT
3/24/2016 4:42 PM MST
Leg Cramps Be Gone! I heard about how
ACV was good for reducing leg cramps in the night.
It is true. I take a half-inch of ACV
in a glass of water&honey,
or with cherry juice or blackberry juice, EVERY DAY,
and I don't get leg cramps in the night anymore.
If I forget, sure enough in a day or two
I will get a leg cramp in the night.

Switchel is the name for water mixed with vinegar.